Exception for Early Learning: Although the alert appears for MAP Growth K–2 tests, the other early learner tests—Skills Checklist and Screening—do not issue alerts because rapid guessing is generally not an issue.
Rapid Guessing Defined
A rapid guess means the student answered in a few seconds, well below the average response time measured by NWEA for each test question. The response is so fast that the student could not actually view the whole question.
If left unchecked, the MAP results would become less reliable.
The best way to help students re-engage will vary for each student. In general:
- Immediately pause testing before the student adversely affects the score. (Choose Select Action > Pause.)
- Approach quietly and encourage the student to re-engage. Be as positive as you can.
- Avoid singling out a student publicly. Drawing attention to a student may distract others and lower the student’s confidence.
- Emphasize that it’s important to answer each question to the student’s best ability.
- Determine whether the student is capable of re-engaging now. If the student is not capable (such as illness), consider pausing or suspending the test, and resume when the student will be fully engaged.
- Avoid helping the student answer test questions. Limit your help to encouragement only.
After intervening, you can dismiss alerts individually or all at once. You are not required to dismiss the notifications, but it will help you keep track of who needs intervention and whether a student has become disengaged again.
MAP Growth tests rely on students genuinely attempting each question, so that the tests can adaptively choose a harder or easier question based on the student’s response. For example:
A student answering randomly in a rapid response undermines the adaptive selection. To compensate, MAP Growth halts the adaptive selection and keeps providing questions with the same difficulty level. However, as soon as the student answers in a normal response time, then the test adapts difficulty again. For example:
The final RIT score includes all answers, including rapid responses, so if the student re-engaged quickly, the RIT score should accurately represent student performance. However, too many random answers could undermine the student’s potential RIT score.
In the Student Profile report, the Estimated Impact of Disengagement shows the potential effect of rapid guessing:
Estimated Impact: Shows how many RIT points higher the student might have scored. For example, with a RIT score of 210 and an Estimated Impact of -3, it means the student might have scored 213 if fully engaged during testing.
Test invalidation change: As of November 2018, tests will no longer become invalid due to excessive disengagement. This temporary change reverses the rule used during fall testing: tests became invalid when a student rapidly guessed through 30% or more of the questions. This invalidation rule is scheduled to return in the future, along with more features to keep track of invalidation. Until then, disengaged responses will only trigger alerts and show on reports. In particular, use the Grade Breakdown report to see the amount of Disengaged Responses across all students. See also Frequently Asked Questions.